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2023 Visa Updates & Priority Date Information: Immigration News & Insights

One of the most significant parts of getting a green card in the U.S. is waiting for your priority date to be current. For those that have invested the time, effort, and money into an immigrant visa, questions arise such as “How long will it take for my date to be current?” and “Can I speed this process up?” We provide regular monthly updates on the most recent visa bulletin, analyze the date movements, and predict upcoming months to help answer these questions. This month, we’ll go over the January 2023 visa bulletin.

If you want more information on the background of the visa bulletin and how to read the bulletin, make sure to scroll to the bottom of the post or click the interested link in the Table of Contents.

January 2023 Visa Bulletin: Overview and Predictions

In this new bulletin, we see no change to the Family-Based Dates for Filing Chart or the Final Action Chart. The Employment-Based Final Action Dates Chart shows India and China on February 1, 2022, for the EB1 category. No change across the board for EB-2 Final Action Dates Chart and minor changes in the Dates for Filing Chart. 

The Final Action Dates chart determines when an I-485 or IV can be approved, while the Dates for Filing Chart determines when an applicant can file an I-485.

Suppose you have an Adjustment of Status (AOS) application currently pending. Your priority date must be current under the Final Action Chart to adjudicate your green card. If you are contemplating interfiling—a process that allows AOS applicants to change their preference category—don’t hesitate to contact VisaNation Law Group.

Family-Based Green Cards

The category for family-based immigration comprises four preference levels based on who your sponsoring family member is in relation to you. There are five chargeability areas for this category: China, India, Mexico, the Philippines, and all other countries. Due to the global pandemic and limited appointments at overseas consular offices, family-based immigrant visas continue to see low usage numbers. Therefore, any unused family-based visas get added to the EB categories.

Family-Based Dates for Filing Charts

The Dates for Filing chart determines when an applicant can file an I-485. We see no change since the December 2022 Visa Bulletin. All countries in the F-2A category are current.

In the F1 category, China, India, and all other countries of chargeability remain at August 8, 2016. Mexico stayed on December 1, 2002, and the Philippines remained on April 22, 2015.

In the F2B category, China, India, and all other countries of chargeability remain at January 1, 2017. The Philippines stayed on October 1, 2013. Mexico remained on January 1, 2002.

In the F3 category, China, India, and all other countries of chargeability remain at November 8, 2009. Mexico stayed on June 15, 2001, and the Philippines remained on November 8, 2003.

In the F4 category, China, India, and all other countries of chargeability are at December 15, 2007, while Mexico remains at April 1, 2001, and the Philippines remains at April 22, 2004.

For the purposes of the January 2023 bulletin AOS, USCIS indicated to use the Dates for Filing Chart  which Chart to use for family-sponsored filings. Check back at a later point. If a particular immigrant visa category is “current” on the Final Action Dates chart or the cutoff date on the Final Action Dates chart is later than the date on the Dates for Filing chart, applicants in that immigrant visa category may file using the Final Action Dates chart during that month.

Category Rest of the World Mainland China India Mexico Philippines
F-1 8/8/16no change 8/8/16no change 8/8/16no change 12/01/02no change 4/22/15no change
F-2A Current  Current  Current  Current  Current 
F-2B 1/01/17no change 1/01/17no change 1/01/17no change 1/01/02no change 10/01/13no change
F-3 11/08/09no change 11/08/09no change 11/08/09no change 06/15/01no change 11/08/03no change
F-4 12/15/07no change 12/15/07no change 2/22/06no change 4/1/01no change 04/22/04no change

*The numbers in the brackets designate the amount of movement in the filing date for that particular category compared to the previous month. If there’s no bracket below certain dates, there is no movement for those dates/categories in the latest visa bulletin.

Family-Based Final Action Dates Chart

The Final Action Dates Chart shows no changes since the last Visa Bulletin. All countries in F-2A are current.

In the F-1 category, China, India, and the rest of the world remained on December 1, 2014. Mexico stayed on November 15, 2000. The Philippines remained on March 1, 2012.

In the F-2B category, China, India, and the rest of the world remained on September 22, 2015, while Mexico stayed on June 1, 2001, and the Philippines remained on October 22, 2011.

In the F-3 category, China, India, and the rest of the world stayed on November 22, 2008, while Mexico remained on November 1, 1997, and the Philipines remained on June 8, 2002.

Finally, in the F-4 category, China and the rest of the world are on March 22, 2007, India on September 15, 2005, and the Philippines on August 22, 2002. Mexico remained on August 1, 2000.

Category Rest of the World Mainland China India Mexico Phillipines
F-1 12/01/14(no change) 12/01/14(no change) 12/01/14(no change) 11/15/00(no change) 3/1/12(no change)
F-2A Current Current Current Current Current
F-2B 09/22/15(no change) 09/22/15(no change) 09/22/15(no change) 6/01/01(no change) 10/22/11(no change)
F-3 11/22/08(no change) 11/22/08(no change) 11/22/08(no change) 11/1/97(no change) 06/08/02(no change)
F-4 3/22/07(no change) 3/22/07(no change) 9/15/05(no change) 8/01/00(no change) 08/22/02(no change)

*The numbers in the brackets designate the amount of movement in the final action date for that particular category compared to the previous month. If there’s no bracket below certain dates, there is no movement for those dates/categories in the latest visa bulletin.

Remember, marriage-based green card applicants are known as immediate relatives and don’t have to wait to receive a green card.

Employment-Based Green Cards

With five different preference levels and seven chargeability areas, USCIS issues employment-based category visas through your job or occupation. The chargeability areas are China, India, Mexico, the Philippines, Central America (Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador), Vietnam, and the general category.

Employment-Based Final Action Dates Chart

We see some changes in the Final Action Dates Chart in the employment-based category. All countries in EB-1 are current apart from China and India, which are on February 1, 2022, as of this bulletin.

In EB-2, Mexico, the Philippines, Central America, and the rest of the world remain on November 1, 2022. In addition, China remained on June 8, 2019, while India was on October 8, 2011.

For the EB-3 category, Mexico, the Philippines, Central America, and the rest of the world are current. Mainland China remains on August 1, 2018, while India moves to June 15, 2012.

In the EB-4 category, all areas of chargeability are on June 22, 2022, including China and the Philippines. Central America was on March 15, 2018.

For EB-5, all countries are current apart from China (March 22, 2015) and India (November 8, 2019).

USCIS has specified to use the Dates For Filing Chart for all employment-based AOS Filings for January 2023.

  Rest of the World Mainland China India Mexico Philippines Central America
EB-1 Current 2/1/22 2/1/22 Current Current Current
EB-2 11/1/22(no change) 6/08/19(no change) 10/8/11(no change) 11/1/22(no change) 11/1/22(no change) 11/1/22(no change)
EB-3 Current 08/1/18(no change) 6/15/12(no change) Current Current Current
EB-3 Other 6/01/20(no change) 12/22/13(+6 months) 6/15/12(no change) 6/01/20(no change) 6/01/20(no change) 6/01/20(no change)
EB-4 6/22/22(no change) 6/22/22(no change) 6/22/22(no change) 9/15/20(no change) 6/22/22(no change) 3/15/18(no change)
EB-5 (Unreserved including C5, T5, I5, R5) Current  3/22/15 11/8/19  Current  Current Current 

Employment-Based Dates for Filing Chart

Here are the January 2023 Visa Bulletin Final Action dates for employment-based immigrant visas. All countries in EB-1 are current except for China and India, which are on June 1, 2022.

In EB-2, we see Mexico, the Philippines, Central America, and the rest of the world remain on December 1, 2022. China remained on July 8, 2019, and India stayed on May 1, 2012. In the EB-3 category, Mexico, the Philippines, Central America, and the rest of the world is current. China remains on September 1, 2018, and India remains on August 1, 2012. Finally, for EB-3 Other, we see Mexico, the Philippines, Central America, and the rest of the world stay on September 8, 2022.

Finally, in the EB-5 unreserved category, Mexico, the Philippines, Central America, and the rest of the world are current. China remained on January 1, 2016, and India on December 8, 2019.

Category Rest of the World Mainland China India Mexico Phillipines Central America
EB-1 Current 6/1/22 6/1/22 Current Current Current
EB-2 12/1/22 7/08/19(no change) 5/01/12(no change) 12/1/22 12/1/22 12/1/22
EB-3 Current 09/1/18(no change) 8/1/12(no change) Current Current Current
EB-3 Other 9/8/22 11/01/15(no change) 8/1/12(+1 month) 9/8/22 9/8/22 9/8/22
EB-4 7/22/22 7/22/22 7/22/22 10/15/20 10/15/20 4/15/18
EB-5 Unreserved (C5, T5, I5, R5) Current  1/1/16 12/8/19  Current  Current Current

*The numbers in the brackets designate the amount of movement in the final action date for that particular category compared to the previous month. If there’s no bracket below certain dates, there is no movement for those dates/categories in the latest visa bulletin.

Important January 2023 Visa Bulletin Dates

For those new to the green card process, you should learn a few terms and remember to understand the rest of this January 2023 visa bulletin report. If you have further questions about the process or anything else about your green card, you should consult with your immigration attorney.

Visa Bulletin Calendar

Priority Dates

The first term that you’ll hear thrown around is the priority date. Each person who files a petition with the USCIS receives a priority date when the government obtains your petition. A priority date establishes a person’s place in line to get an immigrant visa. Keep this date handy since you will need it to compare to the dates in this bulletin. Remember that your priority date does not move, and you cannot change it except under certain circumstances.

Note: Priority dates are not relevant for immediate relatives of U.S. Citizens (e.g., spouses or minor children) as that category is always current.

Final Action Dates

Final action dates are based on the green card category and the chargeability area—your country of origin. Therefore, the final action dates constantly change based on how many people from each chargeability area have petitioned for that green card.

If green cards are still available, the final action date will likely move closer to your priority date. If green cards are unavailable, you will not see any movement from that final action date. However, if the limit has passed, you may see the date retrogress or move backward from your priority date.

Once the final action date in your green card preference level and chargeability area reaches your priority date, your priority date will be considered current. Once current, you will adjust your status or go through consular processing.

Date for Filing Charts and I-485

You’ll notice there are two charts for each category.

The Date for Filing chart determines whether or not one can submit the final immigrant visa application.

The Final Action Date chart indicates whether an immigrant visa number will be available.

If you need to file an adjustment of status, Form I-485, you need to follow the Final Action Date chart to know when to file based on your priority date. However, sometimes USCIS will note that they’ll accept I-485s based on the Date for Filing chart. USCIS will use this chart when more immigrant visas are available than applicants.

USCIS announces which chart applicants can use within a week of the visa bulletin’s release.

Can You Shorten Your Waiting Time?

The short answer is: probably not. However, there are two prominent cases in which you may be able to shorten your green card processing time, which we will explain here.

The first way is to file an I-140 for a green card and chargeability area with a current priority date. In this case, rather than wait the usual six months for your petition to be processed, you can pay an additional fee for premium processing, which will shorten the processing time to 15 calendar days. However, this is only available for certain green cards that use the I-140. It is unavailable for family- or investment-based immigration and the EB-1C or EB-2 NIW.

The second situation involves green card “porting,” or transferring your application from a lower preference level to a higher one to take advantage of the shorter waiting times. This is misleading because you don’t port your green card. In reality, you need to start with a new petition (and a new PERM if necessary). The “porting” aspect only comes in when you indicate that you want to retain your original priority date.

As attractive as “porting” might seem, it is a delicate process with particular requirements. Therefore, running decisions like these through your immigration attorney is always good.

Staying Up-to-Date

In the world of immigration law, it always pays to be informed. The more you know about your green card, the easier it will be to make informed decisions about your case. To stay in the know about things like the newest visa bulletin, you can subscribe to the Department of State’s newsletter by emailing listserv@calist.state.gov with the message “Subscribe Visa Bulletin.”